Tools & Techniques In Project Management

Tools And Techniques In Project Management
According to the PMBOK® Guide, project management is the process of the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements. PMBOK® Guide, Fourth Edition p.6

The application of skills, tools and techniques can enhance the chances of success in projects. There exists a wide range of different project management tools and techniques which can be used to support project managers in making effective decisions during the lifecycle of projects.

What is a tool? and What is a technique?
A tool is an item or implement used for a specific purpose. A tool can be a physical object or a technical object such as a web authoring tool or software program.

A technique is a systematic procedure, or routine used to accomplish a specific activity or task.

Our Goal
By creating the following list, we have two goals in mind:

  • To provide a specific list to the project team, so by having a quick access to the tools and techniques in project management, the team will enhance the chances of success in its projects.
  • To learn, keep focus and organize project team time.

Some project management tools & techniques

» Acquisition
» Advertising
» Affinity diagrams
» Alternatives analysis
» Alternatives identification
» Analogous estimating
» Applying leads and lags
» Approved change requests review
» Assumption analysis
» Benchmarking
» Bidder conferences
» Bottom-up estimating
» Brainstorming
» Cause and effect diagrams
» Change control meetings
» Checklist analysis
» Claims administration
» Co-location
» Communication methods
» Communication models
» Communication requirement analysis
» Communication technology
» Conflict management
» Contingent response strategies
» Contract change control system
» Contract types
» Control charts
» Cost aggregation
» Cost of quality
» Cost-benefit analysis
» Critical chain method
» Critical path method
» Data gathering and representation techniques
» Decomposition
» Dependency determination
» Design of experiments
» Diagramming techniques
» Documentation reviews
» Earned value management
» Expert judgment
» Facilitated workshops
» Flowcharting
» Focus group
» Force fields analysis
» Forecasting
» Forecasting methods
» Funding limit reconciliation
» Ground rules
» Group creativity techniques
» Group decision making techniques
» Histogram
» Historical relationships
» Independent estimates
» Information distribution tools
» Information gathering techniques
» Inspection
» Internet search
» Interpersonal skills
» Interviews
» Issue log
» Make-or-buy Analysis
» Management skills
» Matrix diagrams
» Negotiate settlements
» Negotiation
» Networking
» Nominal group analysis
» Observation and conversation
» Observations
» Organization charts and position descriptions
» Organizational theory
» Parametric estimating
» Pareto chart
» Payment systems
» Performance reporting
» Performance reviews
» Performance Reviews
» Planning meetings and analysis
» Pre-Assignment
» Precedence diagramming method
» Prioritization matrices
» Probability and impact matrix
» Process analysis
» Procurement audits
» Procurement negotiations
» Procurement performance reviews
» Product analysis
» Project management estimating software
» Project management information system
» Project management software
» Project performance appraisals
» Proposal evaluation techniques
» Proprietary quality management methodologies
» Prototypes
» Published estimating data
» Quality audits
» Quantitative risk analysis and modeling techniques
» Questionnaires and surveys
» Recognition and rewards
» Records management system
» Reporting systems
» Reserve analysis
» Resource leveling
» Risk audits
» Risk categorization
» Risk data quality  assessment
» Risk probability and impact assessment
» Risk reassessment
» Risk urgency assessment
» Rolling wave planning
» Run chart
» Scatter diagram
» Schedule compression
» Schedule network  analysis
» Scheduling tool
» Stakeholder analysis
» Statistical sampling
» Status meeting
» Strategy for negative risks or threats
» Strategy for positive risks or opportunities
» SWOT analysis
» Team-building activities
» Technical performance measurement
» Templates
» Three-point estimates
» To-complete performance index
» Training
» Variance analysis
» Variance and trend analysis
» Vendor bid analysis
» Virtual teams
» What-if scenario analysis

Our recommendation
When using this tools and techniques do not forget to get involved with real life. Try to learn from others, go to conferences, join groups, and engage with people face to face. Learning from others is the real value of your network.

How Do You Work?
What is (or will be) the impact of using the right tools and techniques in your projects?

Want more?
You can learn more about project management tools and techniques in our course PMP® Exam Preparation.